Ancient Assyrian Terracotta Rattle
Assyria, ca. 3200-1900 BCE
The udu is a plosive aerophone (in this case implosive) and an idiophone of the Igbo of Nigeria. In the Igbo language, ùdù means ‘vessel’. Actually being a water jug with an additional hole, it was played by Igbo women for ceremonial uses.
The ghatam is one of the most ancient percussion instruments of South India. It is a clay pot with narrow mouth. The word ghaṭa in Sanskrit means “pot”.
The botija (botijuela; bunga) is a Caribbean musical instrument of the aerophone type. The botija is a potbellied earthenware jug or jar with two openings and was used in the early son sextetos in Cuba as a bass instrument. The botija was used to hold kerosene that was brought from Spain. The botijas were then utilized to hide money underground and were buried to prevent humidity from reaching the floors. The botijas were later dug up and used as musical instruments in the late nineteenth century in the Caribbean island of Cuba.
PERUVIAN CERAMIC TRUMPET, PANFLUTE & WATER WHISTLE
Pre Columbian America
XUN (Chinese Ocarina)
The xun is a globular, vessel flute from China. It is one of the oldest musical instruments in China and has been in use for approximately seven thousand years. The xun was initially made of baked clay or bone, and later of clay or ceramic.
(2:35-3:30) …i stuck to one shape more or less .. my things are always round and tall but there is always a closed feeling .. there is air trapped in there.. but there is also, when they are small there is sound, so that when you touch it you can hear the sound.